City of Bishkek
The city of Bishkek is home to almost one fifth of the Republic population.
Bishkek is the business and cultural center of Kyrgyzstan. Here the main material and labor resources are concentrated; it has modern infrastructure and communications.
Major part of the ministries, state committees, state commissions and administrative departments of the republican status, dealing with foreign missions and investors are located in the city
Chui oblast occupies the Northern part of the Kyrgyz Republic. On the Northern and Western sides the oblast borders with Kazakhstan, in the South-West it borders with Talas, on the South – with Jalal-Abad and Naryn oblasts, on the East – with Issyk-Kul oblasts. The oblast consists of 8 administrative districts (Alamedin, Zhaiyl, Kemin, Moskow, Panfilov, Sokuluk, Chui, Issyk-Ata). Tokmok town is in the oblast subordination, there are 3 towns in districts (Kant, Kara-Balta, Shopokov), 6 urban-type settlements (Ak-Tuz, Kaiyndy, Kashka, Kemin, Orlovka), 105 rural districts, 327 villages. The capital of the republic – city of Bishkek is located within the territory of the oblast. The population of the oblast is 770.8 thousand people (according to the census, held in 1999, with the exception of residents of Bishkek), occupied area is 20.2 square km. Oblast center is city of Bishkek.
Advantageous geographical position, relatively flat terrain, the favorable soil and climatic conditions contribute to the intensive development of the productive capacities in the oblast. This is a highly developed economic region, which has formed a multidisciplinary economic complex in the Republic.
Talas oblast is located in the north-western part of the Republic and is confined by the mountains of Kyrgyz and Talas Ala-Too range. Occupied area is 400 square km, which is equivalent to 6% of the total territory of the Republic. The oblast occupies the Talas Valley, which stretched for 210 km from the Kazakhstan border to the eastern edge of the Talas Ala-Too range.
The widest parts of the oblast are approximately 70 km in width. The oblast borders with Kazakhstan in the North and West and with the Jalalabad oblast in the South and Southeast and with Chui oblast in the East. The narrow border with Uzbekistan is located on the South West.
The main access to the oblast is implemented through Kazakhstan, through the industrial center – city of Zhambyl. There is also access through the Bishkek-Osh road via Otmok pass in the East of the oblast.
Talas oblast can be considered as a region with good potential for growth subject to agricultural rehabilitation, development of the processing plants and further exploitation of mineral resources.
Issyk-Kul oblast is located in the East of the Kyrgyz Republic, it borders on the West with Naryn and Chui oblasts, on the North – with the Republic of Kazakhstan and on the South-East - with the People's Republic of China. The oblast area is 43.5 thousand square kilometers, of which 67% are mountains, 10% - plains, 23% is occupied by the Issyk-Kul Lake. The length of the territory from East to West is 390 km, from North to South is 210 km. The population of the oblast is 421.1 thousand people. The oblast center is Karakol city, with a population of 68.7 thousand people.
Issyk-Kul from time immemorial has attracted by its natural climatic and magical conditions, convenient geographical location and unique beauty.
The main attraction is Issyk-Kul Lake. The Lake area is 6236 square km, the length is 178 km, maximum width is 60.1 km, maximum depth is 668 m, altitude is 1607.9 m above sea level, and water volume is 1738 cubic meters. Issyk-Kul Lake is a proud of not only of Kyrgyzstan, but of the whole of Central Asia. The Lake amazing beauty, mountains, which lie around it, inspire poets during many centuries.
Investment opportunities in Naryn oblast
The Naryn state reserve is located in the eastern part of Naryn oblast on the macro side of the Naryn-Too mountain range on the middle reaches of the Naryn River. The reserve area is 36.9 thousand hectares, the protection or buffer zone is 53.4 million hectares. The
protection sites in the nature reserve are unique natural complexes of the inner Tien Shan. These are forest mountain spruce forests, alpine meadows, glaciers and other systems. There are more than 45 species of birds and 21 species of mammals, including those listed in the Red Book of the Republic such as the snow leopard, deer, bear, arkhar, lynx, golden eagle, balaban, ibis-bill, bearded vulture, snow griffon. There are about 1800 species of plants.
The Naryn state reserve has all the conditions to attract tourists for the purpose of being acquainted with wildlife of inner Tien Shan - the clean mountain air, clean mountain springs, dramatic mountain scenery and the chance to see wild animals in nature. In addition, the reserve has a unique natural sites and historical monuments pointed out in folk epics.
The altitude of the Son-Kul Lake is 3016 m above sea level. Fresh water, clean air, fragrant flowers, medicinal herbs, Rowan, barberry, evergreen Tien Shan firs create additional conditions for tourists to have a good time. The Lake is home to mountain goose, various species of ducks, gulls; tourists stay in yurts and national dishes and drinks (beshbarmak, kumyz, airan, etc.) are offered to them.
Industry in Naryn oblast is represented by enterprises of energy, coal, food, flour-grinding industry, industrial construction materials. Industry is based primarily on processing of local raw materials, coal production.
Subsoil of Naryn oblast contains various types of mineral resources, there have been identified numerous ore manifestations and deposits of ferrous (iron), non-ferrous (aluminum, nickel, copper, lead), rare (mercury, antimony, tin, tungsten), and noble, (gold, silver) metals, coal, non-metallic minerals (barrit, calcite, fluorite, Andalusite, asbestos, pegmatite, gypsum, clay, loam, sand-gravel material, stone, limestone, salt, mummies, jewelry and semi-precious stones), underground fresh, thermal and mineral water. The deposits of iron (Jetim), aluminum (nepheline syenites of Sandyk), tungsten (Kumbel) and gold (Soltonsary) and small scatterings of Kumbel plateau) gain recognition.
Hydropower potential of Naryn River
The huge, unique hydropower resources of the Naryn River headwaters attract the attention among the natural resources of Naryn oblast.
Naryn is the biggest in terms of water volume and most powerful river in the Republic. In its basin the conditions that are highly conducive to the efficient use of hydropower resources are combined. An opportunity to construct 20 hydropower plants was identified under incomplete study of the rivers in the basin and their geological engineering conditions.
Traditional branch of the agricultural sector in the oblast is dominated by animal husbandry, where separate entities - farmers, breeders are engaged in yak breeding and increase of the number. The main purpose of attracting direct investment is to increase the number of yaks and improvement of their pedigree and productive quality, increase of yak breeding production: meat, milk, hides, wool, meat and bone flour, and for medicine - from the organs of internal secretion and blood processing products.
Jalalabad oblast is located in the South-western part of the Kyrgyz Republic. The oblast area is 33.7 thousand square km, which accounts for 16.9% of the total area of the Republic and is located at an altitude of 1100 to 3100 meters above sea level.
Jalalabad oblast in the South West borders with the Republic of Uzbekistan, on the North it borders with Talas and Chui oblasts, on the East –with Naryn oblast, on the South –with Osh oblast of the Kyrgyz Republic.
The oblast territory is divided into 8 administrative and territorial districts: Aksy, Alabuka, Bazarkorgon, Nooken, Suzak, Toguztoro, Toktogul and Chatkal. In the oblast there are 5 towns, 8 urban-type villages, 68 rural districts and 415 villages. Its administrative center is the city of Jalal-Abad. The total population of the oblast according to the latest data is 907.2 thousand people.
Jalalabad oblast is one of the industrially developed oblasts in the Kyrgyz Republic, where more than 100 industrial enterprises are located. The oblast enterprises represent virtually all sectors of industry: electric power sector, electronics, coal, clothing and footwear industry, exploration and exploitation of mineral resources (gold, oil, coal, gas, wollastanite, etc.), metal processing, processing of agricultural products, woodworking, machinery manufacturing and production of construction materials.
Jalalabad oblast is rich in many minerals. The total reserve of rock salt of Shamshykal and Toguztoro deposits accounts for more than 100 million tons. Production is carried out openly. Salt is used mostly as fodder salt, but there is a possibility to organize salt production together with the interested structures, because salt quality allows this, and Kyrgyzstan so far use imported edible salt. Other types of chemical compounds, used in all sectors of the economy can be extracted from the same salt.
One of the leading sectors of the oblast economy is agrarian industry.
Cotton production is one of the most economically advantageous branches of agriculture in the oblast. In 2002, 71650 tons of raw cotton was collected in the oblast. In the oblast there are ginneries that process raw cotton. In the Jalalabad oblast in the event of availability of interested investors the joint ventures for production of cotton products (fabrics, yarn, medical cotton wool, etc.) can be potentially established.
The main direction in the oblast processing industry is the cotton processing, because within the territory of the blast there are around 10 cotton processing plants. All these plants work for the primary processing of raw cotton. For the purpose of the economy development, population employment and increase in volumes of processing industry production it is possible to attract foreign investments for the implementation of modern technologies for production of cotton products such as refined cottonseed oil, medical cotton wool, and fabrics. After implementation of these technologies the problem of the sales market and prices for raw materials produced by rural producers would be resolved.
Animal breeding in the oblast has a great opportunity to supply the cattle hides, wool, meat, and to establish joint ventures with foreign investors for their processing.
But the animal breeds need improvement, the systematic selection work. There is a fear of outbreak of brucellosis among livestock and people, because in some districts and towns there are no veterinary laboratories, which creates difficulties in the examination of animals. It is therefore necessary to attract investments in order to create a major center for veterinary services.
By its natural and climatic conditions, availability of cultural and historical monuments, favorable places for tourism development Jalalabad oblast has considerable tourism potential. The kinds of tourism, such as resort, therapeutic tourism are mostly developed in the Jalalabad oblast.
Osh oblast is rich in natural resources. The deposits of mercury, gold, coal, construction materials, and underground freshwater and thermal mineral water are most valuable.
Agriculture became the main branch of the real sector of the economy.
In the sectoral structure of oblast agriculture the main branch is a crop production, which in 2001 accounted for 52.9% of the gross agricultural production of oblast (4551.7 million som). Animal husbandry accounts for 41.4% of production.
Well-known firms and companies of near and distant countries such as Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkey, China, Korea, Canada, Switzerland, Denmark, Germany, Venezuela and others are involved in the implementation of investment projects in the oblast in various branches.
Batken oblast is located in the South of the Kyrgyz Republic, it borders with the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan. The oblast area is 16.9 thousand km. The extent of the territory from East to West is 350 km, from North to South is 100 km. Within the territory of the oblast there are two towns (Kyzyl-Kiya and Sulyukta) and three districts (Batken, Kadamjay, Leilek). The population of the oblast is 398.9 thousand people. The oblast center is Batken town with a population of 25.3 million people. The industrial towns are Kyzyl-Kiya and Sulyukta. The population of the oblast is predominantly employed in agriculture, animal husbandry and horticulture.
Batken oblast attracts by its natural and climatic conditions and by the convenient geographical location in the Fergana Valley, by unique, inimitable beauty. Especially in the middle ages there was a lot of blossoming, developed cities of the Ferghana Valley, and one of the branches of the Great Silk Road went here, caravans passed through Batken to Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, Tashkent and Kashgar, and this fact contributed to the development of the economy and culture of the Fergana Valley.