Kyrgyz Republic is the most important transit country in Central Asia region, as the main freight transportation routes are located along its territory – both towards north-east (from Kazakhstan to Russia towards Tajikistan and Afghanistan), as well as towards southeast (connection of Central Asia with China). Moreover, the As of today land transport of the Kyrgyz Republic plays growing role in development of effective Europe and Asia transport communication links.
As of today, land transport of the Kyrgyz Republic, as well as fast developing railroad network and growing air traffic system play important role in establishing links between Europe, the CIS countries and Asia Region countries.
Kyrgyz Republic functions as the biggest regional re-export hub for Chinese products heading to Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation.
Roads – Osh-SaryTash-Irkeshtam and Bishkek-NarynTorugart ensure transit traffic through territory of the Kyrgyz Republic, and are potentially crucial international transport corridors and which form the main volume of budget receipts in the form of customs duties, collected for transportation of freights and entry of freight transit transport.
International road – Bishkek-Naryn-Torugart was assigned with the following corridor code under CAREC: CAREC 1 – Europe – East Asia. This road goes through Chui, Yssyk-Kul and Naryn regions and ensures links with neighboring countries – Kazakhstan, China and along Karakorum highway with Pakistan and India with outlet/access to Indian ports. Rehabilitation of part of road “Osh-Sarytash-Irkeshtam” is in process, and it will ensure reliable traffic communication between China, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan and provide with access to Afghanistan and Pakistan, as well as will promote more sustainable social and economic development through increase of transit freight and passenger transportations.
Road corridor – China-Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan, length of which is about 550 km, is the main traffic artery for two countries, which do not have outlet/access to the sea – the Kyrgyz Republic and Republic of Tajikistan for trade purposes with China. It also forms an integral/ essential part of regional road network in Central Asia, which connects the Kyrgyz Republic, China, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. In a broad sense it is considered to be as part of Asian road network, which through Afghanistan connects ocean ports of Iran and Pakistan with Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation.