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Foreign affairs

Diplomatic Relations with Foreign Nations

 

Upon declaring its independence in 1991, the Kyrgyz Republic has established diplomatic relations with many countries.

 

Currently, the Kyrgyz Republic has diplomatic relations with the following nations: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, China, Cuba, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Island, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, the Netherlands, New Zealand, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Palestine, Paraguay, Pakistan, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, the South African Republic, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United States of America, the United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vatican, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia. 

 

The Kyrgyz Republic has set up diplomatic missions to:

 

  • Russian Federation (also covering the Republic of Georgia, the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Finland);
  • Republic of Ukraine (also covering the Republic of Moldova, the Republic of Romania);
  • Republic of Belarus (also covering the Republic of Poland, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania);
  • Turkmenistan;
  • Republic of Tajikistan;
  • Republic of Uzbekistan;
  • Republic of Kazakhstan;
  • Islamic Republic of Iran;
  • People’s Republic of China (also covering the Peoples Republic of Mongolia);
  • Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (also covering  the Arab Republic of Egypt, the State of Qatar);
  • Republic of India (also covering the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, the Kingdom of Nepal, and the People’s Republic of Bangladesh);
  • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland;
  • Malaysia (also covering Singapore, the Republic of Indonesia, the Kingdom of Thailand, the Republic of Philippines);
  • Japan;
  • United States of America (also covering Canada);
  • Swiss Confederation (also covering the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Republic of Italy); Permanent Mission to the United Nations and other international organizations based in Geneva;
  • Kingdom of Belgium (also covering the Kingdom of Netherlands, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Republic of France);
  • Austrian Republic (also covering the Republic of Hungary, the Republic of Slovakia, the Czech Republic, the State of Israel);
  • Federal Republic of Germany (also covering the Holy See (Vatican), the Kingdom of Sweden, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Norway);
  • Turkish Republic (also covering the Republic of Macedonia);
  • Islamic Republic of Pakistan;
  • Republic of Korea;
  • Republic of Azerbaijan;
  • Islamic Republic of Afghanistan;
  • State of Kuwait.

 

The Kyrgyz Republic also has the following consular offices:

 

  • A general consulate in Yekaterinburg, the Russian Federation;
  • A consular office in Saint Petersburg, the Russian Federation;
  • A vice consular office in Novosibirsk, the Russian Federation;
  • A general consulate in Almaty, the Republic of Kazakhstan;
  • A general consulate in Istanbul, the Republic of Turkey; 
  • A general consulate in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates;
  • A general consulate in Guangzhou, the People’s Republic of China;
  • A consular agency in Frankfurt am Main, the Federal Republic of Germany; 
  • A consular office in Karachi, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan;
  • A consular office in Meshed, the Islamic Republic of Iran;
  • A visa office in Urumqi, the People’s Republic of China.

 

In addition, the Kyrgyz Republic maintains the following permanent missions to international organizations:

 

  • The permanent mission to the United Nations and other international organizations in New York City, USA;
  • The permanent mission to the United Nations and other international organizations in Geneva, Switzerland;
  • The permanent mission to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe and other international organizations in Vienna, Austria. 

 

Participation of the Kyrgyz Republic in International and Regional Organizations

 

Currently, the Kyrgyz Republic belongs to  80 international and regional organizations, including the following regional organizations:[1] 

 

  • cooperation organizations: the United Nations Organization, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Economic Cooperation Organization, the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Eurasian Economic Cooperation, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development;
  • financial institutions: the International Currency Fund, the Asian Development Bank, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (the World Bank Group), the International Development Association (the World Bank Group), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and the Islamic Development Bank;
  • trade organizations: the World Trade Organization and the Agency for International Trade, Information and Cooperation;
  • food and agriculture organizations: the Food and Agriculture Organization, the International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, the International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, the International Water Coordination Commission, the Secretariat of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, the International Epizootic Bureau, the CIS Intergovernmental Council for Veterinary Cooperation, and the European and Mediterranean Quarantine and Plant Protection Organization;
  • transport and communications organizations: the International Union of Electric Communication, the Universal Postal Union, the International Civil Aviation Organization, and the Coordination Transport Meeting of Railroad Cooperation Organization;
  • labour, social security and migration organizations: the International Labour Organization, the International Social Security Association, the International Association of Pension and Social Funds, and the International Organization for Migration;
  • health care organizations: the International Health Organization, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the National Red Crescent Society;
  • patent organizations: the World Intellectual Property Organization, the Eurasian Patent Organization, the International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers;
  • energy organizations: the Energy Charter Secretariat, and the Energy Regulators Regional Association;
  • environmental and biological safety organizations: the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the UN/ECE Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Trans-boundary Context, the Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the Convention on Long-range Trans-boundary Air Pollution, the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity, and the UN Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora; and
  • natural disaster prevention organizations: the World Meteorological Organization, the Asian Disaster Reduction Centre, the CIS International Council for Natural and Man-made Emergencies, and the CIS International Council for Hydrometeorology.

 

The Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) – since November 1992

 

The key goal of the ECO as an inter-governmental regional institution is to identify the common interests of its member countries in various areas of economic cooperation, to assure their integrated coordination, to make decisions and bring them to the stage of execution. Trade between the Kyrgyz Republic and other ECO member countries represents about 70% of the entire trade volume of the country.

 

The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) – since September 1993 

 

At present, the CIS, being one of the traditional forms of multilateral cooperation between post-Soviet nations, supports the maintenance of previously established relations in the post-Soviet period, and continues to play a stabilizing role resolving problems in various fields of cooperation among the CIS countries.

 

The Kyrgyz Republic is genuinely interested in international cooperation. Furthermore it actively participates in the structures of the CIS and within its framework, contributes to the further development of commercial and economic relations between the member countries.

 

The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) – since December 1992

 

One of the areas of the OIC’s activities since the disintegration of the Soviet Union is the resolution of economic problems in Islamic countries through the program developed by the OIC to establish a common market of Islamic countries based on the example of the European Economic Union.

 

The EuroAsian Economic Community (EurAsEC) – since June 2001

 

The EurAsEC is the legal successor to the Customs Union (CU) – March 1996. 

 

The principal goals of the EurAsEC in the field of foreign trade and customs policy are: the further development of free trade; the establishment of the single customs tariff and a unified system of non-tariff regulation measures; the introduction of a concurrent system of preferences; the development of a harmonized position of member countries towards the WTO and other international economic structures; the introduction of a unified procedure of currency exchange regulation and supervision; the establishment of an efficient payment and settlement mechanism; economic safety at the external borders of the Community, their consolidation and development, and the alleviation of smuggling and other customs violations.

 

Economic policy activities include: a harmonized structural reorganization; the development and implementation of joint programs for social and economic development; a common payment system and compatibility of monetary and financial systems. They are also aimed at the establishment of equal conditions for production and business activities and equal access to markets for foreign investment, the establishment of a common transportation services market and a common energy market; joint research and development in priority areas of science and technology; the development of a unified system of legal regulation; and the establishment and operation of financial and industrial groups on a bilateral and multilateral basis.

 

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) – since June 2001  

 

The principal goals and objectives of the SCO are: to strengthen mutual trust, friendship and neighbourliness between the member countries; to develop multi-industry cooperation for the purpose of supporting and strengthening peace, security and stability in the region; to jointly combat any exhibitions of terrorism, separatism and extremism; to combat illegal drug and arms traffic, other types of transnational criminal practices, and illegal migration; to encourage effective regional cooperation in the areas of common interest; to support integrated and balanced economic growth, social and cultural development of the region by joint actions taken on the basis of equal partnership with the purpose of continuous increase in living standards and conditions for the population in the member countries; to coordinate approaches towards integration into the global economy; to help assure fundamental human rights and freedoms in accordance with international obligations of the member countries and their national legislation; to support and develop relations with other countries and international organizations; to take joint action in the prevention of international conflicts and their peaceful reconciliation; and to jointly search for solutions to problems that may arise in the 21st century.